Origin of the Boran

Boran cattle were domesticated in three different parts of the world:

  • Bos Indicus (Zebu cattle) was domesticated in the Indus Valley (Pakistan) 4000BC
  • European Bos Taurus was domesticated in eastern Europe 6000 BC
  • European Bos Taurus was domesticated in eastern Europe 6000 BC

Boran cattle were introduced into Africa:

  • European Bos Taurus – The first introduction was hump-less taurine Hamitic Longhorms (Bos Taurus) and they arrived in the Nile Delta around 6000 BC. The second introduction was that of the taurine Shorthorms (B. Taurus) that occurred around 2750 – 2500 BC.
  • The first introduction of the humped zebu Bosindicus cattle was as early as 2000 – 1788 BC. The second introduction, associated with the Arab invasion of Africa, occurred from about 699 AD.
  • The African Bos Taurus domesticated in Africa. 

Boran cattle origin map